Low-voltage systems are typically made up of electrical equipment or components that run on 50 volts or less. You may find such systems running on 48 volts, 24 volts, or even as little as 12 volts.
The idea of things running on such low voltage might seem strange to you, but low-voltage systems are all around our homes. A few examples of such systems are thermostats, doorbells, and sensors around the house.
On a much more commercial and larger scale, low-voltage systems still flourish. They are mostly used to design fire protection devices and systems, among other uses.
Types of low-voltage systems.
- Low voltage security systems.
Building surveillance and security are critical to our daily lives now. We have to keep ourselves and our property safe from theft. To this end, security companies use some low-voltage systems to make their work easier.
An excellent example of such a security system is a CCTV system. Most of the cameras and recorders in a Closed Circuit Television system run on low voltage. Unconvinced? When next the electrical technician performs a routine check on your CCTV system, you can have him confirm it for you.
Other examples of low voltage security systems are
- Motion Sensors
- Access Control units.
- Panic switches.
- Low voltage fire protection systems
You should have these installed in your building (home or office) in case of fire. They run on low voltage, so naturally, they don’t hike up your bill, and they do an excellent job of protecting your home.
Types of such systems are fire alarms and fire sprinklers or suppression unit. Once they are compliant with state code, you end up getting maximum protection at low voltage.
- Low voltage networking systems
Your security system, and your fire protection unit, require a network to function. This is where low voltage networking systems come in. Without them, there would be massive connectivity issues.
Your connectivity options are one of two; structured cabling or going wireless.
Structured cabling makes use of fiber, coaxial, or copper to connect your other systems together. Wireless connectivity makes connections possible where structured cabling can’t.
- Low voltage communication systems.
Properly communicating your intentions is why you need low voltage communication systems. You can get your messages across all with the simple push of a button.
Examples of such systems are
- Intercom units
- Nurse call systems
- Wireless clocks
- Mass notification systems
Installing low-voltage systems
As with all electrical work, installing a low voltage system should be done by a licensed, professional electrician or electrical technician. This will help you avoid the risk of getting electrocuted by trying to do things yourself. You should also make sure that all installations comply with regulations and adequately done.
It is also good practice to integrate as many of these systems as possible into your home. This will offer you the optimal functionality of such systems around the house. Also, you will be assured of the security and safety levels around the home, even in your absence.